Books in the library are classified into two groups: fiction and nonfiction. Fiction books are made up of imagined stories about people and events. They are placed on shelves in alphabetical order based on the author’s last name. Nonfiction books provide facts about many topics and are grouped by subject.Each book has a call number on its spine The call number is the code for the book’s subject.
Examples of nonfiction books:
Almanac – a book that contains a calendar of days, weeks, and months to wich various other statistics are added.
Atlas – a book of maps that lists distances from place to place around the world.
Encyclopedia – a set of books wich provides facts on almost every topic. The topics are arranged in alphabetical order.
Dictionary – provides information about a given word: its spelling, syllabication, accentuation, origin, meaning, and pronunciation.
Yearbook – another reference book published annualy. It contains the highlights of the various events of the previous year.
Fragement and Sentence
A sentence is a group of words that express a complete thought. It has a subject & predicate. It can stand alone.
Ex: The dewdrop gave a sigh of relief.
A fragment is a group of words that does not express a complete thought. It cannot stand by itself.
Ex: One morning an especially large dewdrop.
Prefixes & Suffixes
Prefix – A word part added to the beginning part of a base word
Ex: uni (one), im (not), bi (two; twice), un (no
Suffix – A word part added to the end of a base word.
Ex: ful (full of), or/er (one whose job is), less (without)
Functions of nouns
The Direct object – A noun that receives the action expressed by the verb is called the direct object. It answers the question Whom or What after the verb.
Ex: The gardener cuts the bamboo.
The Predicate Noun – A predicate noun completes the meaning of a linking verb and denotes the same person, place, or thing as the subjects. Examples of linking verbs are: is, are, was, and were.
Ex: The gardener is a industrious man.
The Subject – The person, place, or thing talked about is the subject.
Ex: The gardener cuts down the bamboo.
The Direct address – A noun in direct address names the person addressed or spoken to. It is not related to any other words in the sentence.
Ex: Gardener, spare my leaves and branches.
Abstract nouns & Collective nouns
An abstract noun is the name of a quality, a state of being, an idea, or a trait. It names those wich have no physical existence; you cannot see, hear, touch, smell, or taste them.
Ex: courtesy, hunger, honesty, gladness
A collective noun refers to a group of people, animals, or objects.
Ex: bunch, class, choir, colony